conservation of reptiles slideshare

endobj <> 2. /Font <> Among these, more than 50,000 species of insects, 4,000 of molluscs. Ex-situ conservation has the following advantages: The animals are provided with a longer time and breeding activity. Reptiles Probably best remembered for what they once were, rather than what they are now Mesozoic era - age of reptiles Dominant group for >150 millions years 4. However, comparison of different editions of the Golden Guide does show increasing sensitivity to U.S. reptile conservation … Of these, 13 species are believed to be endemic. Our ancient bond to wild animals. Conservation & Fundraising; 10 Fun Reptile Facts. endobj In-situ conservation . Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. And finally it describes the three present groups of marine reptiles and their relevant biological features. However, many new species are being identified, especially in the flowering plants and insects. This list is based largely on Frost (2006) and includes common names from older books and journals. We are committed to the conservation of amphibians and reptiles. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. The fossil marine reptiles Colonization of the sea by the reptiles … Before 1972, India had only five designated national parks.Among other reforms, the Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed. Historically, wildlife has played a huge part in the day to day life of many cultures. The Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Trust is a registered charity (England & Wales no. Writing in 1988, naturalist J. Whitfield Gibbons asserted that awareness of the conservation needs of reptiles had lagged that of large mammals and game species. The wildlife of Pakistan comprises a diverse flora and fauna in a wide range of habitats from sea level to high elevation areas in the mountains, including 177 mammal and 660 bird species. This richness in biological diversity is due to immense variety of climatic and altitudinal conditions coupled with varied ecological habitats. Sea turtles don’t have a favorite food (though most will eat jellyfish.) Then it explains the adaptations that helped the reptiles colonize the marine environment. reptiles. Tuatara are therefore of huge international interest to biologists. India also houses some of the world’s most bio diverse regions. So the essential difference lies in their life cycle and physical appearances. Areas that are rich in species diversity are called ‘hotspots’ of diversity. <> And finally it describes the three present groups of marine reptiles and their relevant biological features. Ex-situ conservation . Frequency 1 post / month Blog ssarherps.org Soil and Water Conservation or Fish and Wildlife Management merit badge. >> It is generally accepted that this lower capacity is related to differences in the circulatory and respiratory systems. �0��(=�����ڈuNe�p��ob�fcË�!xI׿�S�%tóD��2|v_����Y��}�,�QQ��~�13%Yo����ά��!u�w�}g} BSA CONSERVATION AWARDS Nov 18, 2013 ... Environmental Science merit badge. Conservation is the protection, preservation, management, or restoration of wildlife and natural resources such as forests and water. conservation of biodiversity is inevitable for the survival of men. Pakistan is home to an estimated 174 species of mammals, 177 species of reptiles and 668 species of birds. Some species of reptiles are used for medicinal purposes to cure certain diseases. On conviction, the penalty for hunting is imprisonment for a period ranging from a minimum of three to a maximum of seven years with fines not less than 10,000 rupees. Ecology is the study of the relationship between an organism and its environment both the physical (abiotic) and the living (biotic). Reptiles aren’t only of conservation concern themselves; they can cause declines of other species when introduced to new locations or under certain circumstances. In-situ Conservation: In-situ conservation is on site conservation or the conservation of genetic resources in natural populations of plant or animal species, such as forest genetic resources in natural populations of tree species. The IUCN also lists 12 reptile … Conservation of Wildlife is necessary to recognize the importance of nature and other wildlife species. Frequency 1 post / month Blog ssarherps.org They are recognised internationally and within New Zealand as species in need of active cons… Early 18 th Century: Two schools of thought dominated the growing scientific study of ecology. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Company number 07817747 Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity involves the breeding and maintenance of endangered species in artificial ecosystems such as zoos, nurseries, botanical gardens, gene banks, etc. Reptile conservation: the next steps. 4.9 CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY: IN-SITU AND EX-SITU 104 4.9.1 In-situ conservation 104 4.9.2 Ex-situ conservation 108. Ex situ conservation is the technique of conservation of all levels of biological diversity outside their natural habitats through different techniques like zoo, captive breeding, aquarium, botanical garden, an… In-situ conservation of biodiversity is the conservation of species within their natural habitat. x��S�J�0�y�b� ؘIڴ9*�� (Dvu��(�~��DW$�x�`�&�If��T�>�\�|���ܨǑ���)ϭw�c|�[��{Փn�ð�� �焽ŰΟѱ�E�O�T�8��J\��W�^֮����T�9Yy|�wag�AG����3WY�9X;�U6�h Biodiversity may be defined as the variety and variability of living organisms and the ecological complexes in which they exist. This list is based largely on Frost (2006) and includes common names from older books and journals. 6,500 of other invertebrates, 2,000 offish, 140 of amphibians, 420 of reptiles, 1,200 of birds and 340 of mammals are recorded from India. ��L��z�������n��s NWP��y��0�E�{�N��������"�Z.h��1Φ0�dc�t� ���V=�@姰��!���.�N,n�H4$&�{��+����.�k_�}����aU�jz�ҭ-�/����. <> This study provides a first step in assessing the global extinction risk of reptiles by employing a short-cut method based on a representative sample of 1500 species. They are used as a source of protein in different parts of the world. conservation definition: 1. the protection of plants and animals, natural areas, and interesting and important structures…. This is an index to the amphibians found in India.The amphibians of India show a high level of endemism. So the essential difference lies in their life cycle and physical appearances. Conservation efforts for salamander populations in headwater streams must consider land use throughout entire watershed, rather than just preserving small riparian buffer zones. Reptiles of Pakistan Over 195 species of reptiles are known in Pakistan. Biodiversity and conservation 1. 2. At present conservation scientists have been able to identify and categorise about 1.8 million spe-cies on earth. Reptiles 1. endobj Reptiles of Pakistan Over 195 species of reptiles are known in Pakistan. 5. Following methods were used for the observations. 82 Environmental Studies for Undergraduate Courses 4.1 INTRODUCTION The great variety of life on earth has provided for man’s needs over thousands of years. COUNTRY REPORT BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION IN PAKISTAN, Ejaz Ahmad Conservation Director, World Wide Fund For Nature - Pakistan. Yet every year, more plants and animals are added to Ontario’s list of species at risk, which now numbers more than 200. Conservation of Biodiversity: Biodiversity is being depleted by the loss of habitat, fragmentation of habitat, over exploitation of resources, human sponsored ecosystems, climatic changes, pollution invasive exotic spices, diseases, shifting cultivation, poaching of wild life etc. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. This is an index to the amphibians found in India.The amphibians of India show a high level of endemism. 1693 — 6. About Blog Research, Conservation, Education from Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. Reptiles First truly terrestrial vertebrates ~7000 species worldwide ~300 species in U.S. and Canada 3. 4. So, it goes without saying that the country needs major conservation measures. 2) Types of conservation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Study Site: Sandspit, Hawkesbay and Cape Monze areas with intertidal zone at the Karachi coast were selected as study sites (Fig. 7 talking about this. Birds . <> Follow to keep up with latest updates related to Herpetology. In situ conservation. Conservation of Biodiversity: The convention on Biological Diversity held in June, 1992 stressed the need of the conservation of Biodiversity for sustainable development and perpetuation of human beings on earth. Learn more. 580. The extra time and care required is well worth the effort. BIODIVERSTIY CONSERVATION IN PAKISTAN : AN OVERVIEW, Muhammad Ajmal Director (Industries & Ozone) Ministry of Environment, Urban Affairs, Forestry and Wildlife C/O Pakistan National, Commission for UNESCO. 5 0 obj We have many rare animals, birds on earth. Mammals classification is based on their order & characteristics. Reptiles and amphibians. Predation records include reptiles and amphibians eating or being eating by other animals. The Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species. The sex of sea turtles, like other reptiles, depends on the temperature in the nest. Biodiversity refers to the variety of life forms and habitats found in a defined area. endobj Of these, 13 species are believed to be endemic. /OutputIntents [100 0 R] 3.8% of all evaluated reptile species are listed as critically endangered. 29 WL-729 Biology and Conservation of Amphibians and Reptiles 3 (2-2) 30 WL-730 Captive Breeding and Assisted Reproduction in Wildlife 3 (2-2) 31 WL-731 Wildlife Farming and Ranching 3 (3-0) 32 WL-732 Wildlife Data Analysis 3(1-4) Page 3 of 20 Course Contents and Recommended Books for M.Sc., M. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The HAA is dedicated to the study and conservation of African reptiles and amphibians 1130188, Scotland no.SC044097). <> Conservation of species in in situ takes place in their natural habitats. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Understanding the interactions of reptiles with other species is an important component of improving management for rare or listed species. The term ‘Biodiversity’ was introduced by an American Biologist Edward Wilson. stream Reptiles and amphibians which have been well-fixed and allowed to harden in the positions indicated in Figs. Fishes. The fossil marine reptiles Colonization of the sea by the reptiles … Wildlife conservation is the preservation, protection, and restoration of the endangered species. the distribution, status and conservation of the reptilian fauna in the coastal areas of Karachi with special reference to marine turtles. 40. While Reptiles are the group of animals that live on land, breathe through lungs and lay eggs, they have scales on their body and function to retain moisture. The extra time and care required is well worth the effort. Follow to keep up with latest updates related to Herpetology. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. /PageMode /UseNone The conservation status of the world’s reptiles Monika Böhm a, ⇑ , Ben Collen a , Jonathan E.M. Baillie b , Philip Bowles c , Janice Chanson d,e , Neil Cox c,d , Geoffrey Hammerson f , Michael Hoffmann g , Suzanne R. Livingstone h , Mala Ram a , Anders G.J. 3 0 obj Reptiles form an important part of ecosystem. ADVERTISEMENTS: Conservations of Biodiversity: In-Situ Conservation and Ex-Situ Conservation! The in-situ conservation has several advantages. The event, originally scheduled for June 2020, was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This diverse composition of the country's fauna is associated with its location in the transitional zone between two major zoogeographical regions, the Palearctic, and the Oriental. It is an interdisciplinary subject drawing on natural and social sciences, and the practice of natural resource management. Its conservation embraces maintenance, sustainable utilization, and restoration, of the lost and degraded biodiversity through two basic and complementary strategies called in situ and ex situ. Out of the 19% of reptiles threatened with extinction, 12% classified as Critically Endangered, 41% Endangered and 47% Vulnerable. Reptiles aren’t only of conservation concern themselves; they can cause declines of other species when introduced to new locations or under certain circumstances. It is important to protect the endangered … Reptiles and Amphibians Ontario is a vast province, rich in biodiversity. Then it explains the adaptations that helped the reptiles colonize the marine environment. There are about 4,000 types of mammals in animals kingdom. It gives people a driving force to want to help in conservation efforts, which will unquestionably lead to a better future for planet earth. 22. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Through the conservation of biodiversity and the survival of many species and habitats which are threatened due to human activities can be ensured. Reptile - Reptile - Circulatory system: Modern reptiles do not have the capacity for the rapid sustained activity found in birds and mammals. reptiles. Wildlife represents all the wild animals and birds living in their natural habitats. 2 C-D, 3 A-B and 4 A have many advantages over those which have been left to harden in the posture in which they died. As with other groups, these are a blend of Palaearctic, Indo-Malayan and Ethiopian forms. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the French government have agreed to hold the IUCN World Conservation Congress 2020 from 3 to 11 September 2021 in Marseille. 2 C-D, 3 A-B and 4 A have many advantages over those which have been left to harden in the posture in which they died. 1 0 obj Rhodin i , Conservation biology is the study of the conservation of nature and of Earth's biodiversity with the aim of protecting species, their habitats, and ecosystems from excessive rates of extinction and the erosion of biotic interactions. 22nd July 2017. All species except the tuatara declined and eventually became extinct about 60 million years ago. Understanding the interactions of reptiles with other species is an important component of improving management for rare or listed species. %PDF-1.4 %���� 1175. As of September 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 196 critically endangered reptile species, including 17 which are tagged as possibly extinct. Ex situ conservation. The mugger (marsh crocodile) is in danger partially due to over hunting. No public clipboards found for this slide. There is less competition for food, water and space among the organisms. As with other groups, these are a blend of Palaearctic, Indo-Malayan and Ethiopian forms. India is among the world’s 15 nations that are excep- Reptiles and amphibians which have been well-fixed and allowed to harden in the positions indicated in Figs. Wilson in 1985. 2 0 obj The term biodiversity was coined as a contraction of biological diversity by E.O. The Government of Pakistan prepared the National Conservation Strategy (NCS) in 1992, with biodiversity conservation as an essential component. �mHf���;��-��= Biodiversity encompasses variety and variability of all forms of life on earth that play a great role in human existence. 1). Out of these, about 50 species of mammals and 27 … The mark of a good holiday Best Practice From a conservation and animal welfare perspective Fair Trade Tourism considers the following best practice: Genuine wildlife sanctuaries - where un-releasable animals live out their lives, there is no breeding or trading, or human-animal contact. Enclosures should be designed to minimise the risk of predators entering the exhibit. That temperature is generally around 82 degrees F (29 degrees C) though that can vary by species and location. 4 0 obj Conservation initiatives focus on keeping existing habitats free of rodents and re-introducing them to new, rodent-free islands. 2. Calcareous grasslands, for example, host an extraordinarily rich plant and insect diversity including pollinators, as well as reptiles, birds, fungi, and much more. �)��Q]�:��`��h���F���Ԫ���)K���D��kU�������3O���d��td� No wild mammal, bird, amphibian, reptile, fish, crustacean, insects, or coelenterates listed in four Schedules of the WLPA can be hunted either within or outside protected areas. Reptiles 2. It comprises almost 12.6% of birds, 7.6% of mammals, 6.2% of reptiles, and 6.0% of flowering plant species on earth. In this method, the natural ecosystem is maintained and protected. In honour of Reptile Awareness Week we have unearthed 10 of what we think are the most interesting facts about our Reptile friends: It’s estimated that there are more than 10,000 species of Reptile on the planet, and they can be found on every continent except Antarctica. “This is a very important step towards assessing the conservation status of reptiles globally,” says Philip Bowles, Coordinator of the Snake and Lizard Red List Authority of the IUCN Species Survival Commission. Skin of certain reptilian species is also used commercially for making different valuable items. The objective of this group is to collect predation records of reptiles and frogs from sub-Saharan Africa as part of an on-going collaborative research project. Conservation of plants include; storage of seeds, conservation of pollen, artificial propagation of plants along with reintroduction into the wild, and storing plant shoots in situation of suspended development (in vitro conservation). V��@Y�O.�����:���SLQ`U ��wts)�ߕ=�V���-gh��d��>��.���F�-�O��$6�+Y�g��%�d���7��y ��ԕ� About Blog Research, Conservation, Education from Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. Tuatara are the only surviving members of the order Sphenodontia, which was well represented by many species during the age of the dinosaurs, some 200 million years ago. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 60be43-NTllM The mugger (marsh crocodile) is in danger partially due to over hunting. Conservation can broadly be divided into two types: 1. It is conservation of biological diversity outside their natural areas and is done through different methods like captive breeding, botanical garden, zoos, aquaria etc. In other words, biodiversity is the occurrence of different types of ecosystems, different species of organisms with the whole […] Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Calcareous grasslands, for example, host an extraordinarily rich plant and insect diversity including pollinators, as well as reptiles, birds, fungi, and much more. Captive animals play an important part in conservation, education and research. /Type /Catalog >> We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Secretary of State’s Standards of Modern Zoo Practice 3 care should be taken that one species cannot injure another. It represents the totality of genes, species and ecosystem of a given region. Amphibians are known to live dual lives, as they spend their half-life in water and remaining half on land, these also have porous skin which requires moisture.While Reptiles are the group of animals that live on land, breathe through lungs and lay eggs, they have scales on their body and function to retain moisture. : 1. the protection, preservation, management, or restoration of wildlife and natural such. Schools of thought dominated the growing scientific Study of ecology difference lies in life. Minimise the risk of predators entering the exhibit conservation is the protection plants., Education and Research your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to provide you relevant... On the temperature in the flowering plants and animal species committed to the use of cookies on this.... Are threatened due to Over hunting represents the totality of genes, species and ecosystem a... Favorite food ( though most will eat jellyfish. international interest to.. 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Must consider land use throughout entire watershed, rather than just preserving small riparian zones... In different parts of the endangered species conservation of reptiles slideshare by E.O they are used a... Indicated in Figs conservation of reptiles slideshare in human existence and breeding activity to store clips... Of nature and other wildlife species of men the practice of natural resource management major conservation.! Predation records include reptiles and their relevant biological features, 4,000 of molluscs profile and activity data to personalize and! Over 195 species of reptiles with other species is an interdisciplinary subject drawing on natural and social sciences and!
conservation of reptiles slideshare 2021